Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum L.
Family: Aizoaceae
hielitos,  more...
[Gasoul nodiflorum (L.) Rothm.]
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Valter Jacinto  
Plants annual. Stems prostrate to ascending, branched from base, 15-20 cm, sessile. Leaves: blade ± terete, linear, 1-2 cm. Inflorescences axillary, flowers solitary, sessile or petiolate; bracts absent. Flowers 4-5 mm diam.; hypanthium obconic; calyx lobes 5, equal; petals 20, connate, white, aging yellow; stamens 10. Capsules finely papillate. Seeds 100, smooth to minutely tuberculate. 2n = 36. Flowering spring-fall. Coastal bluffs, margins of saline wetlands; 0-100 m; introduced; Calif., N.J.; Mexico (Baja California); Europe (Mediterranean); Asia; Atlantic Islands; Australia.

General: Introduced herbaceous annuals, stems sessile, 15-20 cm long, prostrate to ascending, branching from base, surfaces usually conspicuously papillate, glabrous. Leaves: Opposite or alternate, blades more or less terete, linear, 1-2 cm long, sessile or petiolate. Bracts absent. Flowers: White, aging yellow, 4-5 mm diameter, petals 20, connate into tubes, calyx lobes 5, equal, hypanthium obconic, aging red, stamens 10; flowers solitary, axillary, sessile or petiolate. Fruits: Capsules finely papillate. Seeds to 100, smooth to minutely tuberculate. Ecology: Found on coastal bluffs, margins of saline wetlands, from 0-350 ft (0-106 m); flowering spring-fall. Distribution: Introduced. Arizona, Oregon, California, New Jersey; Mexico. Notes: Look to the white to yellow flowers 4-5 mm in diameter and terete leaf blades to help distinguish this species from the similar M. crystallinum, which has flattened leaf blades and larger, white to pink flowers, these 7-10 mm in diameter. Ethnobotany: Unknown. Etymology: Mesembryanthemum is either; (1) derived from 2 words: mesos, “middle,” and embryon, “fruit,” indicating a flower with its fruit in the middle, and/or (2) afternoon-blooming. The original name was Mesembrianthemum, from mesembria or “mid-day” alluding to the belief that the species only bloomed in the sunlight. After night-blooming species were discovered, the spelling of the name was changed to its current form, while nodiflorum means with flowers borne from the nodes. Sources: FNA 2004

 
FNA 2004
Duration: Annual Nativity: Non-Native Lifeform: Forb/Herb General: Introduced herbaceous annuals, stems sessile, 15-20 cm long, prostrate to ascending, branching from base, surfaces usually conspicuously papillate, glabrous. Leaves: Opposite or alternate, blades more or less terete, linear, 1-2 cm long, sessile or petiolate. Bracts absent. Flowers: White, aging yellow, 4-5 mm diameter, petals 20, connate into tubes, calyx lobes 5, equal, hypanthium obconic, aging red, stamens 10; flowers solitary, axillary, sessile or petiolate. Fruits: Capsules finely papillate. Seeds to 100, smooth to minutely tuberculate. Ecology: Found on coastal bluffs, margins of saline wetlands, from 0-350 ft (0-106 m); flowering spring-fall. Distribution: Introduced. Arizona, Oregon, California, New Jersey; Mexico. Notes: Look to the white to yellow flowers 4-5 mm in diameter and terete leaf blades to help distinguish this species from the similar M. crystallinum, which has flattened leaf blades and larger, white to pink flowers, these 7-10 mm in diameter. Ethnobotany: Unknown. Synonyms: Cryophytum nodoflorum, Gasoul nodiflorum Editor: LCrumbacher2012 Etymology: Mesembryanthemum is either; (1) derived from 2 words: mesos, "middle," and embryon, "fruit," indicating a flower with its fruit in the middle, and/or (2) afternoon-blooming. The original name was Mesembrianthemum, from mesembria or "mid-day" alluding to the belief that the species only bloomed in the sunlight. After night-blooming species were discovered, the spelling of the name was changed to its current form, while nodiflorum means with flowers borne from the nodes.
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Gary A. Monroe  
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Valter Jacinto  
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Valter Jacinto  
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Gary A. Monroe  
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum image